Small Cap Investors Sue Minnesota Over Bullion Law

Posted by $ MikeMarotta 2 years, 4 months ago to Legislation
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I received this press release and link yesterday. The law goes back a couple of years. Some coin dealers in other states still refuse to sell to retail customers in Minnesota because the law there would require them to register there to do business in the state.
Small Business Investors, Hobbyists Sue Minnesota for Criminalizing Their Pursuits
Coin Collectors, Precious Metal Investors Fight MN Requirement to be Licensed and Bonded for Transactions Over $25K

Media contact: Tom Ciesielka, 312.422.1333,

(September 22, 2020 – Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota) A group of small business investors and coin enthusiasts are suing the State of Minnesota in an effort to decriminalize their small cap alternative investment and collection pursuits. A September 22, 2020, online press conference addresses this lawsuit and the current Minnesota law that makes it illegal to purchase or sell a combined annual total of over $25,000 in gold, silver, or other precious metals, without registering as a dealer and posting a surety bond. The lawsuit, filed by attorney Erick Kaardal of Mohrman, Kaardal & Erickson, P.A., declares this “Bullion Dealer Law” to be unconstitutional and an impediment to interstate commerce.

The filing details how coin collectors are being discriminated against (there is no comparable burden on art, stamp, sports cards, or other collectors) and how out-of-state dealers have stopped doing business in Minnesota for fear of inducing ordinary investors into crimes. The law, referred to by Numismatic News as “draconian,” has made it common practice for bullion dealers to reject Minnesota clients. This Minnesota law has isolated the state’s bullion investors from the national and world bullion market.

Attorney Erick Kaardal, representing Tom Styczinski, d/b/a Tom “The Coin Guy,” LLC, Treasure Island Coins, Inc., and Numismatist United Legal Defense
Tom Styczinski, operator of Tom “The Coin Guy,” LLC

The challenged law even forces its mandate on individuals who choose to convert a portion of individual retirement account fund investments to silver or gold. It also applies to any coin - even those issued by the United States Mint. Investors and collectors whose total annual transactions are between $25,000 and $200,000 are required to post a surety bond of about $25,000. Most ancient coin dealers will not sell their coins to Minnesotans anymore. The law, passed in 2013, also requires a license to buy and sell bullion products, even those that have no special numismatic value.
Kaardal observed, “Minnesota’s regulation of bullion investors shows the state Department of Commerce’s economic illiteracy. An ordinary investor with aggregate annual purchase and sales of $25,000 is a criminal if they don’t register and post a surety bond. The department has criminalized ordinary commerce. It’s no wonder that no one wants to do business in Minnesota. A better law could have been written by a fifth-grader.”

Coin collectors and traders, including Tom Styczinski, who operates Tom “The Coin Guy,” LLC, Treasure Island Coins, Inc., and Numismatist United Legal Defense, an association of coin collectors and dealers, have filed the civil-rights lawsuit to protect their small businesses, which Minnesota law has criminalized.

Styczinski explained, “I buy and sell coins at weekend trade shows. I’m a part-time small business. This law was the result of an unholy alliance between the Department of Commerce and big coin dealers. They billed the law as a consumer protection statute, yet they went to the big telemarketers, those with terrible reputations within the industry, to write the legislation. Not surprisingly, this resulted in a law that monopolized the industry, devasted small operators, and made things far worse for Minnesota consumers. It is so poorly written it even turned many ordinary investors into criminals. This lawsuit is intended to fix that.”

“Some of the requirements of the law make it so onerous,” added Styczinski, “That I don’t know of a single small dealer that is able to comply with all the requirements that come along with being a registered dealer. If a registered dealer forgets to give out one receipt, they can be subject to a $10,000 fine. The requirements in the receipt are so crazy, it even makes it physically impossible for some dealers, particularly dealers in ancient coins, to comply with the law.”

A copy of the complaint filed September 22, 2020, in United States District Court for the District of Minnesota, by attorney Erick Kaardal of Mohrman, Kaardal & Erickson, P.A. on behalf of Tom Styczinski, d/b/a Tom “The Coin Guy,” LLC, Treasure Island Coins, Inc., and Numismatist United Legal Defense, in Thomas John Styczinski, et al. v. Grace Arnold, Commissioner of the Minnesota Department of Commerce, will be available at the time of the press conference.

About Mohrman, Kaardal & Erickson, P.A.
Established in 1998, the firm provides counsel and innovative solutions to businesses and individuals faced with integrated legal needs. Trial practice and litigation, banking, restructuring, real estate and business transactions, trusts and estates, guardianships and conservatorships combine with a thriving constitutional law practice including clients ranging from political parties and candidates, to individuals and grass roots organizations. Visit

Link to court filing here:

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  • Posted by $ Commander 2 years, 4 months ago
    Once again, Cronyism through regulation protects a market share. It's about time this was challenged.
    The only way I can see permanently solving these situations is to formally place an interpretive preamble int the US Constitution. The Holmes dissent in Lochner v new York has had 115 years to damage commerce, property rights, civil rights........OY!
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